Chlamydia trachomatis rapid detection is divided into qualitative and quantitative rapid detection. Gold calibration rapid test (colloidal gold method) is commonly used. The detection principle is as follows: The anti-chlamydial lipopolysaccharide monoclonal antibody and goat anti-mouse IgG polyclonal antibody are fixed on the solid phase nitrocellulose membrane, respectively, and made with another anti-chlamydial lipopolysaccharide monoclonal antibody labeled with colloidal gold and other reagents and raw materials. The chlamydial detection method established in the form of double antibody sandwich is used for the detection of chlamydia in female cervix and male urethra by colloidal gold immunochromatography.
trachomatis is a type of chlamydia, which is further divided into three biovars: trachomatis, lymphogranuloma venereum and murine biovar.
Chlamydia trachomatis biovars have 18 serotypes from A to K18, of which A, B, Ba, and C cause trachoma and D to K cause urogenital tract infections. Lymphogranuloma venereum variants can cause lymphogranuloma venereum. Murine biovars do not cause disease in humans.